[ADO.NET] 如何 使用 OLE DB 讀寫 Excel / 建立 Excel 檔案 (一)

[ADO.NET] 如何 使用 OLE DB 讀寫 Excel / 建立 Excel 檔案 (一)

相關文章[C# .Net] Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel 讀 / 寫 Excel 語法概全

1.OLE DB的連線字串如下:

//連線字串
string cs =
"Data Source=" + FileName + ";" +
"Provider=" + ProviderName +
"Extended Properties=" + ExtendedString +
"HDR=" + Hdr +
"IMEX=" + IMEX;

 

1.1 "Data Source":檔案來源

1.2 "Provider":提供者名稱

1.3 "Extended Properties":Excel版本,Excel 8.0 針對Excel2000及以上版本,Excel5.0 針對Excel97。

1.4 "HDR":第一行是否為標題

1.5 "IMEX" :通知驅動程序始終將「互混」數據列作為文本讀取

        //定義OLE======================================================

        //1.檔案位置

        private const string FileName = "C:\\test.xls";

        //2.提供者名稱

        private const string ProviderName = "Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;";

        //3.Excel版本,Excel 8.0 針對Excel2000及以上版本,Excel5.0 針對Excel97。

        private const string ExtendedString = "'Excel 8.0;";

        //4.第一行是否為標題

        private const string Hdr = "Yes;";

        //5.IMEX=1 通知驅動程序始終將「互混」數據列作為文本讀取

        private const string IMEX = "0';";

        //=============================================================

 

        //連線字串

        string cs =

                "Data Source=" + FileName + ";" +

                "Provider=" + ProviderName +

                "Extended Properties=" + ExtendedString +

                "HDR=" + Hdr +

                "IMEX=" + IMEX;

 

2.工作表需加$,如
string strCom = " SELECT * FROM [test$] "

3.使用OLE DB讀取合併儲存格可能會發生不可預期的錯誤。

4.Extended Properties參數若有多項時,記得必須用單引號括起來阿

如何讀取Excel

法一:逐行讀取

        private void button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

            this.listBox1.Items.Clear();

            using (OleDbConnection cn = new OleDbConnection(cs))

            {

                cn.Open();

                //工作表名稱需要加$字串

                string qs = "select * from[" + SheetName + "$]";

                try

                {

                    using (OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand(qs, cn))

                    {

                        using (OleDbDataReader dr = cmd.ExecuteReader())

                        {

                            while (dr.Read())

                            {

                                int Col = dr.FieldCount;

                                this.listBox1.Items.Add(dr[0].ToString() + "\t" + dr[1].ToString() + "\t" + dr[2].ToString());

                            }

                        }

                    }

                }

                catch (Exception ex)

                {

                    MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);

                }

            }

        }

 

法二:利用資料繫結

        private void button3_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

            using (OleDbConnection cn = new OleDbConnection(cs))

            {

                cn.Open();

                string qs = "select * from[" + SheetName + "$]";

                try

                {

                    using (OleDbDataAdapter dr = new OleDbDataAdapter(qs,cn))

                    {

                        DataTable dt=new DataTable();

                        dr.Fill(dt);

                        this.dataGridView1.DataSource = dt;

                    }

                }

                catch (Exception ex)

                {

                    MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);

                }

            }

        }

如何列舉EXCEL工作表,判斷工作表是否存在

                using (DataTable dt = cn.GetOleDbSchemaTable(OleDbSchemaGuid.Tables, null))

                {

                    //取得工作表數量,法一

                    foreach (DataRow dr in dt.Rows)

                    {

                        Console.WriteLine((String)dr["TABLE_NAME"]);

                    }

                    //取得工作表數量,法二

                    int TableCount = dt.Rows.Count;

                    for (int i = 1; i < TableCount; i++)

                    {

                        string sn = dt.Rows[i][2].ToString().Trim();

                        Console.WriteLine(sn);

                        if (sn == SheetName + "$")

                        {

                            //判斷工作表是否存在

                            SheetNameExist = true;

                            break;

                        }

                    }

 

如何建立工作表

                        //建立工作表

                        string qs = "CREATE TABLE [" + SheetName + "] ([ID] INTEGER,[Username] VarChar,[UserPwd] VarChar)";

                        //qs = "CREATE TABLE TestSheet ([ID] INTEGER,[Username] VarChar,[UserPwd] VarChar)";

                        using (OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand(qs, cn))

                        {

                            //新增Excel工作表

                            cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

                            //增加資料

                            cmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO [" + SheetName + "$] VALUES(1,'elmer','password')";

                            cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

                        }

 

如何插入一列

                        string qs = "INSERT INTO [" + SheetName + "$] VALUES(1,'elmer','password')";

                        using (OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand(qs, cn))

                        {

                            //增加資料

                            cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

                        }

 

5.範例已包含VB與C#:OLEDB_Excel.rar 

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